A partial denture is a removable appliance replacing one or more missing natural teeth and associated tissues. It is supported by the natural remaining teeth and gums. It replaces what is lost and preserves what is left.
Basically removable partial dentures come in two types - an acrylic or metal base. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. The type suited to your particular requirements can be assessed in consultation with us.
A partial denture offers improved appearance and function. It helps maintain the remaining natural teeth, improves and restores appearance, speech and certainly the ability to chew.
Assessment of a patient requiring a partial denture may vary according to their age, attitude, habits and expectations. Oral hygiene, the condition and position of the remaining natural teeth, as well as the position of the opposing teeth in the mouth, also need to be considered.
A recent check up of your remaining natural teeth by a Dentist is advised, prior to the construction of a new partial denture. This illustration shows what can happen to your mouth without Partial Dentures.
Tissues covered by a denture normally do not maintain the same bone density level, and tends to gradually shrink or recede. It is therefore imperative that your partial denture be reassessed or replaced at regular two yearly intervals.
Natural teeth are continually wearing down due to eating forces. Conservation of the remaining natural teeth is enhanced and wear and tear is minimised, by distributing these forces of chewing and grinding evenly to all the teeth, including any artificial teeth. A partial denture plays a large part in minimising the wearing down of natural teeth. The illustration shows this clearly.
Retention of a partial denture is normally obtained by attachment to a natural tooth or teeth on each side and by stainless steel or metal clasps. Friction against the remaining natural teeth and adhesion from saliva are all aids used to gain retention and stability.
Metal clasps are precise fitting and will not wear or affect your natural teeth. Clasps do however collect plaque which damages the enamel on the teeth. Proper oral hygiene is therefore paramount. The image to the right clearly shows the retaining clasps.